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Kasie Savage’s Cottage Gifts

BT Montreal | posted Thursday, Jul 20th, 2017

If you’ve been invited to spend a weekend getaway at a cottage, thank your host by creating a personalized gift basket. Not only will it impress more than a case of beer, but the special touches that come with creating themed gift baskets will definitely put your name on the top of “best guest list” – so you will end up getting that coveted invite back!  Here are three themes basket ideas you can’t go wrong with.

1.      Cottage Décor Enthusiast:

a.      Vintage crate: not only to hold your gifts, but a vintage Canadiana crates makes a beautiful piece to hold throws in the living room.

b.      Outdoor wine glasses: buy a pair of matching outdoor wine glasses to share a glass of rose upon arrival.  

c.       Cottage Life Artwork:  look for modern rustic décor that can fit in any cottage space.

2.      Cottage Foodie:

a.       Canadian Maple Syrup and Canadian Coffee:  surprise your host by making pancakes and coffee in the morning.  

b.      Gourmet chocolate/cashew Popcorn:  bring gourmet treats for those late night games or chick flicks.

c.       Sunflower oil: this summer fresh oil has real herbs and cinnamon inside. It’s delicious to cook with and looks luxurious.

3.      Cottage Essentials:

a.      Craft Kit and Canadiana Colouring Book: ditch social media and get crafty. a fun and classic pastime for all ages!

b.      Water bottle: a great way to suggest a cottage hike with your host.

c.       Natural toothpaste: your host will thank you by keeping it green with environmentally friendly toiletry supplies.

Is Sugar the new Fat?

BT Montreal | posted Tuesday, Jul 11th, 2017

Blog post by: Dr. Zach

For years the conventional wisdom was that we should cut down on fat and cholesterol in order to lose weight and decrease our risk of heart attack and stroke. But people in the western world did not get slimmer and healthier, and cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of both men and women. So what went wrong? Part of the problem, it seems, is that in cutting fat people increased their consumption of sugar. Glucose is a simple sugar that is an essential energy source for humans. But not all sugar is created equal, and too much of any sugar is bad for you.

In March, 2015 the World Health Organization presented the following new guideline: “In both adults and children, the intake of free sugars should be reduced to less than 10% of total energy intake. A further reduction to below 5% of total energy intake would provide additional health benefits.” Free sugar refers to sugar that is added to food, as opposed to the natural sugar that exists in fruits and vegetables, which are not as unhealthy. The WHO says that limiting your sugar intake will decrease your risk of obesity, which is associated with heart attack, stroke, and certain cancers, and dental cavities.

The amount of calories that are recommended per day depend on one’s age and gender (here is a guide — http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/food-guide-aliment/basics-base/1_1_1-eng.php). An average adult male should take in about 2500 calories per day, and an average woman about 2000 calories. 10% of 2000 is 200 calories, which is about 50g of sugar. An single can of soda contains about 39g of free sugar, approaching the 100% recommendation for an entire day.

While most people realize that there is free sugar in soft drinks, candies, cakes, and cookies, many don’t realize that there is added sugar in such foods as bread, pizza, salad dressing, yoghurt, and ketchup. Also, even though the sugar in fruit is ok, that in fruit juice or punch is not because it in ingested without the benefit of the other components of fruit, especially the fibre. Fibre slows down the absorption of sugar and thereby decreases the unhealthy spikes in our blood glucose levels. There is extra concern about a type of added sugar called high fructose corn syrup, which is found in many cakes and pastries, because it may cause extra weight gain and be associated with fatty liver.

Packaged foods have information about how much sugar is in them, information which we can use to make wise choices. Legislators are considering making companies display the amount of added sugar in products. In general, “real” foods, like fruits and vegetables, are the best sources of sugar. The less added sugar you eat the more you’ll appreciate the taste of natural foods, and the better your chances of living a longer, healthier life.

KasieSavage’s Great Canadian Products

BT Montreal | posted Thursday, Jun 29th, 2017

Oh Canada – we’ve been churning out amazing talent for over 150 years and from coast-to-coast, from artists to artisans, gourmets to the garden, here are some tremendously unique and amazing products from our own backyard.  So celebrate Canada’s birthday by exploring some one-of-a-kind finds and shop within our own borders!

 

Wood In Philosophy: Handmade Wood Timepieces, BC

An online boutique based out of Metro Vancouver, they are huge fans of minimalist design and products made with natural materials. We produce a line of beautiful wooden wristwatches that can be personalized with a custom engraving.
Their Chronograph Collection is brand new for 2017 and comes in Dark Sandalwood or Walnut. Both watches feature an all-wood case, bracelet and dial, a quartz movement and come packaged in a lovely wooden gift box. These chronograph watches retail for $195.

Save 10% off an order using promo code: kasiesavage2017woodinphilosophy.com.

 

Karen MacFarlane Jewellery, Hamilton, ON

Karen MacFarlane has been creating “wearable art” for over 30 years.  A favourite amongst runway designers, her one-of-a-kind statement pieces are created using up-cycled and new materials, resulting in stunning, eclectic pieces, perfect for life’s important moments, or to collect.  Starting at $100.

www.jewellerybykaren.com

 

Virgin Hill Coffee, Knowlton, QC

Virgin Hill Coffee Roasters is a family-owned business with a keen passion for coffee. Located in the Town of Brome Lake, in the Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada, where the company borrows some of its inspiration with such mixes as the Ripplecove, Knowlton and Autumn blends. Theirs is a true family business; while part of the family is out on the road spreading the word, others are involved in the expert roasting process.

Starting at $5.99

www.virginhillcoffee.com

 

Kalaya Renew Skin Care, Toronto, ON

Formulated by experts and leading authorities in skincare, Kalaya Renew Skin Care is made in Toronto in a world-class laboratory using premium, high-end ingredients to deliver results.  Truly, cosmetic medicine for your skin.  Renew Vitamin C, E, Ferulic Acid Concentrate, because it’s Canadian, retails for one-third of what you’d pay for this type of product in a doctor’s office. Supercharged with Hyaluronic Acid. Lightens, brightens, promotes collagen production. Cocktail into any skin care line.

For more information and to buy visit www.theshoppingchannel.com

 

Maple Glow Skin Care, Toronto, ON.

Using proprietary recipes and wisdom passed down by First Nation’s people, this skincare line’s hero ingredient is the super-powerful Maple Extract Compound.  What’s as important to this line is what is not in the ingredient list – no Parabens!  Rich, luxurious and highly rated, a favourite of Canadian Supermodel, Monika Schnarre – who acts as spokesperson and helped to develop the line based on her mother-in-laws recipes.

For more information and to buy, visit www.theshoppingchannel.com

 

Buy A Birdhouse, Whitby ON

Hand-made by Jim Dileva, charming and wrapped in full-colour graphics, these customizable birdhouses and feeders will add flair and personality to any yard.  Now that’s something to tweet about!!

Starting at $50

www.etsy.ca (search buyabirdhouse)

 

River Oak Studios, Montreal QC

Shop tea towels, throw pillows and home décor with a fun, whimsical twist.  Customize a nautical throw pillow as a gift or choose from a collection of pre-made online classics.  Made locally, the designer, Sophie Benoit will happily work with you to create custom designs to fit any décor.

www.riveroakstudio.com

 

Whistlewood Custom Woodworking and Design, Perth, ON

Expert woodworker and craftsman Jeff Collver has a passion for wood, architecture and marrying the two seamlessly.  From custom dining tables to outdoor structures and unique décor items, this online shop is worth a visit.  Jeff can laser-engrave messages into custom charcuterie boards to add a personal touch.

www.whistlewood.ca

Don’t Just Sit There By Dr. Zach

BT Montreal | posted Tuesday, Jun 27th, 2017

Over the past 100 years society has evolved such that most of us have desk-based jobs where we sit for hours every day.  In addition, many modern conveniences make it unnecessary for us to get up to get things done, from our vehicles to our remote controls.  But humans were built to be physically active on our feet, not to sit for extended periods.  And evidence from the growing field of inactivity studies demonstrate that sitting for long periods increases one’s risk of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat, and elevated cholesterol.

People who sit too much have elevated risk of death from cardiovascular disease and cancer.  All this is in addition to the direct physical damage caused by sitting, including weak abdominal muscles, neck strain, back problems.  And sitting all day is bad for you does damage even if you do manage to get to the gym regularly.

Sitting damages our health by putting our bodies into energy storage mode.  Our muscles stop moving and our heart slows down.  Calorie burning rate drops to about one per minute, a third of what it is when we walk.  Our bodies become resistant to insulin (which makes our body use glucose) which increases the risk of diabetes.  And the activity of enzymes which break down lipids in the bloodstream drop, worsening our cholesterol and further increasing our risk from cardiovascular disease.

The good news is that by making changes to one’s lifestyle one can decrease health risks of prolonged sitting.  The key is to incorporate standing and walking into your everyday activities.  One can certainly sit from time to time to rest, but make standing and moving the default.  So stand up when eating or talking on the phone.  If you do have to sit then take a few minutes to stretch and move regularly.  Walk and talk instead of having meetings at a desk.  Go for a walk during lunchtime.  Take the stairs instead of the elevator.  Walk and bike to work instead of driving, and if that is not possible then take the bus — walk to the bus and stand in the bus.  Get a standing or walking desk, which are desks with adjustable height which can be placed above a treadmill.

Changing your lifestyle to be more active is not only better for your health, but it will make you feel better and have less unhealthy cravings.  And it will also improve your productivity by decreasing the “falling asleep at the desk” phenomenon.

New 10.5-inch iPad Pro brings a lot of familiar with a bigger display, more power

Winston Sih | posted Monday, Jun 12th, 2017

Apple iPad Pro unveiled at Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Calif.

As computers become thinner and lighter, and tablets grow larger and more powerful, the line of whether you need one or the other is continuing to blur. Apple’s new productivity-focused tablet, iPad Pro is no exception.

If I had to choose between my MacBook Pro or iPad Pro, nine times out of 10, I’m still going to choose the laptop. I find I’m generally more comfortable and don’t get anxious about the limitations of using a tablet. The tech giant continues to market these devices to two very different crowds—but is it working?

Let’s get to the basics

Apple’s new 10.5-inch iPad Pro is just 6.1mm thick and less than one pound.

Apple’s new 10.5-inch iPad Pro is just 6.1mm thick and less than one pound.

iPad Pro now comes in 10.5-inch and 12.9-inch models, the former replacing the previous 9.7-inch tablet. The 10.5-inch version rings in at 6.1 millimetres in thickness, while still giving you nearly 20 per cent larger screen surface.

Apple’s claiming iPad Pro to have the most advanced display, featuring their ProMotion technology—essentially a doubled refresh rate at 120Hz to give you enhanced responsiveness. And I would consider it a success. The screen looks more vivid, snappier, and interacts well with the Apple Pencil—an accessory sold at an additional $129 CAD.

You can tell this device is built for productivity. I launched almost every one of my over 50 apps, and iPad Pro barely slowed down. Apple has integrated their new 64-bit A10X Fusion chip that handles the most demanding of heavy apps, giving this up to 30 per cent faster CPU and 40 per cent graphics than the previous A9X chip. I successfully streamed multiple 4K videos with no lag whatsoever.

Software brings new features, but you’ll have to wait

iOS 11, the next iteration of the mobile operating system coming to iPad Pro, will bring a lot of familiar from its Mac counterpart. But you won’t get it until later this fall. Some of these features include an application dock that is reminiscent of macOS, but drastically increases multitasking, as well as improved file management and inter-app content flows like drag-and-drop photos.

It’s just too bad the hardware and software changes weren’t timed together, however very clear that Apple is saving the release to work with the launch of their flagship phone—iPhone—typically in the fall, too.

For those who like to hold their iPads up in big crowds and take photos

Yes, you know who you are—you’ll find a 12-megapixel camera capable of shooting 4K HD video, a front-facing 7-megapixel camera for video calls, as well as a four-speaker audio setup.

This device is great for content consumption. There is no doubt about that. I’d much rather have my iPad Pro out at the airport or on a flight than my MacBook. Be it magazines or movies, everything from visual to audio will be pristine.

Gorgeous accessories, but it’ll cost you

Apple iPad Pro with Smart Keyboard, Apple Pencil accessories.

Apple iPad Pro with Smart Keyboard, Apple Pencil accessories.

This is where I think Apple’s signature design aesthetic wins. Yes, you can buy third-party accessories, but nothing compares to the Smart Keyboard. The larger size now enables a full-sized keyboard, both software and hardware, and the Smart Connector allows for connectivity without charging or Bluetooth.

Apple iPad Pro’s Smart Connector, designed to work with their keyboard add-on.

Apple iPad Pro’s Smart Connector, designed to work with their keyboard add-on.

Coupled with the interactive Apple Pencil for annotations and note taking, the keyboard and pencil combo will set you back just under $350 CAD, before you even buy the device!

Other accessories include a leather sleeve, Apple Pencil case, and a Smart Cover that doubles as a stand.

The verdict

When I go back to the MacBook Pro vs. iPad Pro debate, if I had to pick one product, I’d still go back to the MacBook Pro. That is, if I’m strictly thinking productivity. You get the benefits of a full macOS with the thin and portable design of iPad with the keyboard and travelling case. Plus, the 12-inch iPad Pro is still really weighty. If you’re making your tablet look and perform like a laptop—just go get one.

10.5-inch iPad Pro with Smart Keyboard pictured above 13-inch MacBook Pro with Touch Bar

10.5-inch iPad Pro with Smart Keyboard pictured above 13-inch MacBook Pro with Touch Bar

iPad Pro is beautiful, but for it to be a true workhorse, you need the accessories. Add it to the starting-at pricing of $869 and $1,049 for the 10.5-inch and 12.9-inch models, respectively, you’re pricing out to be near a MacBook or MacBook Pro, not to mention competitors out there like Microsoft’s Surface.

For big content consumers who value the Apple ecosystem and the extensive App Store, alongside the improved, vibrant display, and expanded keyboard size, iPad Pro could bring over more folks who want to shed the full computer experience for a simplified and user-friendly mobile design—made even better with iOS 11.

Apple updates iMac, MacBook lines; doubles down on performance

Winston Sih | posted Wednesday, Jun 7th, 2017

The new 27-inch iMac. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

 

Apple refreshed its line of Mac computers at its annual Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Calif., Monday, including the iMac desktop – a device the tech giant hasn’t updated in almost two years. Manufacturers typically renew computers at least yearly to stay relevant.

iMac reimagined on the inside, not out

Not much has changed on the exterior, but the first thing you do notice when powering on is the vibrancy of the display – boasting a beautiful 4K display and 5K display in the 21.5-inch and 27-inch iMacs, respectively. These displays are 43 per cent brighter than its predecessor at 500 nits with support for one billion colours. Essentially, you’re guaranteeing yourself a vivid picture with whatever you’re doing.

The thin bezel of the new Apple iMac. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The thin bezel of the new Apple iMac. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

From a performance perspective, Apple has heavily invested in the Intel Kaby Lake seventh-generation Core i5 processor as standard, with an option to upgrade to Core i7. Measured against the previous-generation model, the new iMac will allow for three-times-faster gaming on the 21.5-inch model.

iMac pushes the envelope in storage with the evolution of the Fusion Drive across the 27-inch line and on the high-end 21.5-inch 4K computer, adding higher-capacity memory. Fusion Drives allow users to access frequently used documents, photos, videos, on a flash drive, eliminating spinning disks of the traditional hard drive. It means fewer parts to break down. I’d like to see a move to this being standard on all desktops.

Available ports on the 27-inch iMac. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

Available ports on the 27-inch iMac. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

Users will find plenty of connectivity on the 27-inch iMac, and unlike iPhone 7, there’s still a headphone jack, alongside four USB 3.0 ports, two Thunderbolt 3 (a.k.a. USB-C for everyone else), a Gigabit Ethernet, and an SD card port. This allows for added displays, high-speed hard drive connectivity, and other third-party accessories.

Among the updates from the conference include a peek at the next iteration of the Mac platform – macOS High Sierra – chock-a-block full of new toys for developers to create immersive experiences for users, like virtual reality. However, the upgrade won’t be available until the fall.

MacBook Pro: Building on its success

The previous generation of MacBook Pro made the laptop much thinner and lighter. Plus, the integration of a fluid and interactive Touch Bar and Touch ID fingerprint reader has been surprisingly useful — not just a gimmick — and the 2017 version builds on that.

The new 15-inch MacBook Pro. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The new 15-inch MacBook Pro. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The upgrades bring a routine processor and hard drive boost. Machines will see the same Intel Kaby Lake processor as its desktop counterparts, as well as faster solid-state drives, and the 15-inch MacBook Pro will have snappier graphics out of the gate.

The notebook could benefit from an added USB 3.0 port for so many existing devices while still offering flexibility in the increasingly popular USB-C port. I also miss the SD card reader. Can there be a balance struck with ports, or lack thereof?

 

The OLED-lit Touch Bar on the 15-inch MacBook Pro. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The OLED-lit Touch Bar on the 15-inch MacBook Pro. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

As for the OLED-lit Touch Bar that offers virtual buttons that react to the specific program you’re in, the technology continues to be unique in its class. I’d like to see exponential growth of adoption by third-party developers for it to be a real hit. But for the apps that currently utilize this, it’s fantastic.

 

The Force Touch trackpad on the 15-inch MacBook Pro. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The Force Touch trackpad on the 15-inch MacBook Pro. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

 

With the last MacBook Pro, I had some issues with the shallow-but-tactile butterfly keyboard sticking. Apple has made some improvements to address reported problems with switch keys.

Other standard updates include increased speed and longer battery life. A larger Force Touch trackpad that reacts to the amount of pressure given to surface different actions remains.

MacBook receives a minor—but needed—spec bump

The new entry-level MacBook. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The new entry-level MacBook. CITYNEWS/Winston Sih

The entry-level MacBook remains one of Apple most popular laptops. It’s small in form and packs a punch as an ultraportable device, though it’s not as powerful as its sibling MacBook Pro. It gets the job done if you’re a parent just looking to surf the web and answer emails.

The entry-level laptop will get a boost in processor gigahertz, albeit minor at 1.2GHz dual-core, but when you’re working with less than 1.5 GHz to start with, every bit counts — even when you simply have a handful of web browser windows open.

In addition, the new solid-state drives are 50 per cent faster than its predecessor — rounding out a machine many students will no doubt adopt come September.

Availability

The new MacBook and MacBook Pro machines are available now.

A pro version of the iMac—aptly named iMac Pro—was announced Monday, but will not be available for sale until December. The updated classic line is available today.

 

Dr. Zach’s guide to medication

BT Montreal | posted Tuesday, Jun 6th, 2017

 

  1. We take more medications with age — potential problems are side effects and interactions

 

Percentage of Canadians taking medications by age:

Age                  Percentage

6-14                 11.7

15-24               26.2

25-44               28

45-64               55.1

65-79               82.7

 

More meds with age — people 75+ take an average of 6 medications

The more medications, the more potential problems.  Meds can work at cross-purposes, and the more meds the more potential side-effects, and the more potential for interactions

 

  1. Adverse drug reactions (ADR’s) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in healthcare — ADR’s are the 4th leading cause of death in the US

66% of all visits to doctors result in prescriptions

Canadian study — drug side effects are one of the top reasons for ER visits

 

  1. b) Medications interact with:  medications, diseases, food, herbs

 

Medications — medications can make other medications more and less effective

Diseases — liver, kidney, heart, thyroid disease affect metabolism and effectiveness of medications (depending on where the medication is metabolized)

Food — Foods can affect metabolism and effectiveness of medications

Herbs — can affect medication metabolism and effectiveness

 

How to mitigate risk of medication interactions:

Having one primary physician, one pharmacy, centralized medical record helps (DSQ)

Pharmacies have programs that determine med interactions

Health canada has a drug interaction database online

Categories of meds at especially high risk for interactions:  anticonvulsants, antibiotics, anticoagulants

 

Specific examples:

Fluorquinolones (floxacins) are less effective if taken with aluminum (antacids), magnesium (maalox), calcium, iron

 

Calcium can decrease effectiveness of tetracycline and fluorquinolones

Calcium may increase digoxin effects, decrease cardizem effects

Calcium (including milk) decreases thyroid medication absorption so take them 4+ hours apart

 

Vitamin K  makes coumadin less effective in thinning blood.  Vitamin K is found in herbs, dark leafy greens, brussel sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, cabbage

Grapefruit juice can inhibit metabolism and thereby increase drug levels of amiodarone, lipitor, viagra

Warfarin/coumadin interacts with many medications — many abx increase its effect, others decrease it

Some antibiotics (rifampin) and anticonvulsants (carbamezapine, phenytoin) make the birth control pill less effective

Sometimes medications are absolutely essential and life-saving.  But consider what you can do to improve your health without medications eg/ diet and exercise for blood pressure, cholesterol, mood

 

  1. Common medication questions:

Can I drink alcohol while taking antibiotics?

In general yes

Flagyl and sulfa plus alcohol may make you sick (flushing headache nausea and vomiting)

 

Do generic medications work as well as brand names?

Yes the active ingredient has to be the same

Can I use medications after their best before date?

In most cases yes but they will likely be less effective

 

  1. Questions to ask about meds:

Why do i need it?

How do I take it?

Do I need to finish it?  Antibiotics are the ones you want to finish

When will it start to work?  How will I know to reconsult the doctor because it is not working?

What if I miss a dose?  Usually take it as soon as possible after missing it

Dr. Zach’s Guide to Summer Health

BT Montreal | posted Tuesday, May 23rd, 2017

Being outside and active is healthy

 

Skin protection –

Sun exposure is the greatest cause of skin damage with time (aka photoaging), caused by uv radiation

Sun exposure is the greatest cause of skin cancer

 

Skin cancer:

Squamous cell cancer (16%)

Basal cell cancer (80%)

Malignant melanoma (4% but >75% of skin cancer deaths)

 

ABCDE rule for skin cancer, esp melanoma

Asymmetry

B — Irregular borders

Colour – blue black, multiple colours

Diameter – greater than 6mm (pencil eraser)

Evolution

 

Highest UV between 10am and 4pm

Shade, hat, clothing, esp with UV protection factor (ore tightly woven)

 

Typical car, home, and office windows block most UVB rays but a smaller portion of UVA rays

 

Sunscreen – get broad spectrum upf (uv protection factor) (UVA and UVB).  spf reflects uvb protection.  Use 30+

Uva skin aging wrinkling some skin cancer

Uvb main cause of sunburn and cancer

Both lead to skin aging eye damage (cataracts mainly) skin cancer

 

Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours and after swimming (some are water resistant)

 

UVB does induce production of vitamin D.  Can get it via diet or supplements.  And even with sunscreen you will get vitamin D.

Foods with vitamin D:  Fatty fish, like tuna, mackerel, and salmon.

  • Foods fortified with vitamin D, like some dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, and cereals.
  • Beef liver.
  • Egg yolks.

 

Sunglasses should block 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays

 

Avoid tanning beds — >90% UVA, rest UVB.  exposure to tanning bed in youth increases risk of melanoma by 75%

 

If you “need” a tan use a cream (stains the skin)

 

Heat

Risk factors for heat illness – young and old, chronic medical conditions, certain medications

When high humidity sweat will not evaporate, so less able to cool.  Other conditions predisposing are obesity, fever, heart disease, mental illness, poor circulation, sunburn, alcohol.

Heat cramps, heat syncope (passing out from low blood pressure from relative dehydration), heat cramps from loss of fluids and electrolytes, heat exhaustion (weakness, lightheadedness, fatigue)

Heatstroke – life-threatening emergency that can damage almost every organ (brain, gi tract, liver disease, kidney damage).  Treated with cooling, fluids

 

Dress lightly, limit physical exertion, air conditioning, fluids — bring water drink regularly.  Avoid alcohol, stay in the shade.  Keep urine clear

 

Insect bites – most are not harmful though some people are allergic.  Some spiders can cause quite severe local reactions.

Mosquitos can carry serious diseases – west nile virus (here), dengue, ebola, chikungunya

WNV- 1 in 2-300 people infected with WNV get sick.  Only in summer.  Symptoms – vomiting myalgias sore throat fever chills

Avoid mosquito bites – DEET repellent, don’t leave sitting water.  Consider netting.  Peak biting times are dawn and dusk/early evening.

Tick bites – deer tick carries it.  3 stages (rash, flulike, headache arthritis). Tx with abx.  Prevention with long-sleeves, light clothing, DEET-containing repellent, keep grass trim, check pets

Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, spider – a type of insect) stings – In most people they cause pain and local swelling.  Some people have anaphylactic allergies which is life threatening.

Noisy activity, bright coulours, perfumes, may incite stings

Remove stinger or tick from skin

 

Animal bites – dogs cats rodents (rat mouse hamster squirrel gerbil) primates farm animals humans

Dog bites – 5-10% infection (12-30% in hand)

Cat bites – 30-50% infection

Rodents – low risk of infection

Primates (chimps, apes, monkeys, humans) – high risk of infection.  Human bites to hand 25-50% infect

Rabies – virus, from bites more than scratches

Headache runny nose fever sore throat muscle aches upset stomach back pain spasms

High risk animals for rabies — fox raccoon skunk bat coyote

Post-exposure prophylaxis

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